Wind power is needed to slow down climate change
Climate change is ongoing. The warmest decade and warmest years on record have occurred since 2000. The sea is warming up and sea levels are rising. Nature and communities are already being affected all over the world.
If the temperature continues to rise at the rate scientists have observed and are predicting, it will lead to very serious consequences for life on earth. It is possible to curb climate change – with a coherent global and national political effort to ensure a sound environment in the future.
On November 4, 2016, the Paris global climate agreement came into force. The essence of the agreement is to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and to support those affected by climate change. The global temperature rise must be kept far below 2 degrees and every effort will be made to keep it at 1.5 degrees. Proposition for approval of the Paris Agreement, Prop 2016/17: 16
To achieve the Paris agreement’s objectives, it is essential that the nations of the world rapidly transition to zero emissions of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases. The Swedish All-party Committee on Environmental Objectives proposed a climate policy framework for Sweden that contains new climate targets, a climate law and an Environmental Objectives Council. The framework is a central part of Sweden’s commitment to the Paris agreement. It was approved by the Swedish Parliament, the Riksdag in June 2017.
By 2045, Sweden will have zero net greenhouse gas emissions to the atmosphere, and will subsequently achieve negative emissions. The term “negative emissions” means that emissions of greenhouse gases from operations in Sweden are less, for example, than the amount of carbon dioxide taken up by nature as part of the cycle, or less than the emissions Sweden helps reduce abroad by investing in various climate projects. However, the remaining emissions from operations in Swedish territory shall be at least 85 percent lower than 1990 emissions.
To curb climate change, action will be required in all parts of society. Petrol and diesel cars will need to be replaced by cleaner electric vehicles. Heating is increasingly being provided using efficient heat pumps. In both cases, wind power can supply renewable and emission-free electricity.
Electricity producers throughout the world will need to rethink their approach, and switch from producing electricity using fossil fuels to producing electricity from renewable sources. An important source of energy in the effort to reduce carbon dioxide emissions is the expansion of wind power.
Wind power can ensure the supply of clean and emission-free electricity. Sweden will be able to produce more electricity than we need. A continued strong expansion of wind power will enable Sweden to export green electricity to the rest of Europe and contribute to reduced emissions in Europe.
Under the terms of the Energy Agreement 2016, Sweden will produce one hundred percent of its energy needs from renewable electricity by 2040. Renewables will be expanded so that they will gradually replace nuclear power, and enable Sweden to be a long-term net exporter of electricity.